Category «Cognitive»

The Psychology of Language: From Data To Theory

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The aims of cognitive neuroscientists are often similar to those of cognitive psychologists; they are both interested in the brain and cognition, (Medin and Ross, 1996).... [tags: Compare contrast ] Elizabeth Loftus: An Expert in Cognitive Psychology - Who is Elizabeth Loftus. What are the possible biases in our judgments of the probability of events? However, his studies are open to criticism. For example, we may initially be 90% confident that the other person is lying, but when their story is confirmed by another person, the probability may be reduced to 60%.

How to Think Straight: An Introduction to Critical Reasoning

Antony Flew

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Gibson assumed that most perceptual learning has occurred during the history of mankind, and so does not need to occur during the individual’s lifetime. For more information please view - www.rhulisc.com Not accepted. According to the model, top-down effects from the word level should have produced a preference for perceiving the phonemes as completing words. Schiller and Lee (1991) found that lesions to monkey V4 do not produce the permanent great impairment of colour perception seen in human patients with achromatopsia.

A Study of Thinking With an appendix on language by Roger W.

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It stresses experimentation, not least because it necessitates explicit definitions of concepts and hypotheses. Presents a good understanding of behavioral psychology. The form of instruction known as scaffolding was inspired by Vygotsky's ideas. Other amnesics have damage in the medial-temporal region. Neural activity in the brain produces increased blood flow in the active areas, and there is oxygen and glucose within the blood. Denial also includes what Freud called ii.

Pink Brain, Blue Brain: How Small Differences Grow Into

Lise Eliot

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Premises that contain alternatives as opposed to additionals result in different sets of models being constructed. Spontaneous reoccurrence in the mind of the same idea, tune, phrase, etc. Thus, imaginal processing used the visuo-spatial sketchpad, whereas rote rehearsal used the phonological loop. Hosted by Kathryn Gardner at the University of Central Lancashire. Further along the route, however, his muscles began to ache. Subsequent theories The Gestaltists emphasised the importance of the law of Prägnanz, according to which the perceptual world is organised into the simplest and best shape.

Psychophysics: A Practical Introduction

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While dualcoding theory posits distinct symbolic systems, Paivio does not maintain that these distinct systems reside in distinct hemispheres, although the systems are localised to some extent (for evidence against this view see, e.g., Zaidel, 1976). Description: This course centers on understanding the self embedded in the social context. The percentages next to the main topics indicate the approximate percentage of exam questions on that topic. They presented words that were to receive semantic or FIGURE 6.10 Recognition-memory performance as a function of the depth and distinctiveness of processing.

ABC of Action Learning

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How we learn, remember, process information, create ideas and solve problems lies inside our brain. By expanding the theoretical and empirical scope of inquiry to include numerous risk processes, greater progress in understanding the developmental origins of cognitive vulnerabilities can be achieved. Childhood maltreatment and psychopathology: Prospective tests of attachment, cognitive vulnerability, and stress as mediating processes.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy with Older People:

Ian Andrew James

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The book begins with the philosophical foundations of inquiry into the nature of mind and thought, in particular the writings of Descartes, and then covers the principal topics of cognitive psychology including memory, attention, and decision making. In logic, a proposition can be either true or false and this has important consequences for logical systems. Some of the key concepts of information processing used to explain developmental changes include the processes involved in memory, thinking, and metacognition.

The Mathematics of Behavior

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This involved deactivating some of the semantic units. Presumably participants in the latter condition realised that their affective reaction was produced by the priming stimulus, and so that reaction did not influence their rating of the second stimulus. According to this model, readers monitor five aspects of the evolving situation model: the protagonist; temporality; causality; spatiality; and intentionality. Faced with a choice between psychoanalysis and behaviorism, many psychologists in the 1950s and 1960s sensed a void in psychology's conception of human nature.

Sensory Cue Integration (Computational Neuroscience Series)

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The use of word processors usually has little effect on writing quality, but can make planning and revision more effortful. • Cognitive neuropsychology: Writing. After a few hours, however, your brain will rewire itself and, though the inputs remain reversed, will deliver to your conscious experience a world turned rightside up again. Now when people lie they rehearse their lies and typically people will rehearse their lies in a chronological order, and therefore if we get someone to go backwards in time, this therefore really is tricky for someone who is lying, and so research by someone called Aldert Vrij, he has examined the use of the cognitive interview with people who are lying, and we find that it’s very difficult for people to lie when the cognitive interview is used in an interview scenario.

Advances in Social Cognition Research (Perspectives on

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For example, assume that you have a schema for rooms that includes slots for the furniture, the small objects found in it and the usual size of the room. Reduction of EMG activity in the speech tract (and thus reduction of subvocal articulation) produced a significant impairment of comprehension for the hard text, but had no effect on comprehension of the easy text (see Figure 12.1). The journal presents original empirical, theoretical, and tutorial papers, methodological articles, and critical reviews.